Introduction & Acknowledgements

This multimedia resource provides a detailed insight into the Kingma System alto flute. The information given is intended to be primarily of use to composers and performers, and has been compiled from practical experience of the composer-performer relationship working with Kingma System flutes since 2000. In cases where there are multiple fingering combinations or notational possibilities for a particular technique, the examples shown here have been found to be the most practically viable. Content will be regularly updated to reflect current knowledge, and the author welcomes comments or suggestions, either in terms of content or technical matters.


The initial release of this resource was made as a CD ROM in 2003, with revisions made in 2009 and 2011, prior to this 2013 expanded web-based version.

In respect to the first version of this resource, the author gratefully acknowledges the support and assistance of the former Director of the Royal College of Music, Dame Janet Ritterman, the sponsors of the Bradshaw Junior Fellowship, staff of the RCM Studios and Centre for Music & Multimedia, and Derek Rees. The current website forms part of a PhD submission at the Royal College of Music, London, with funding from the AHRC and the Royal College of Music. Thanks are due to RCM Studios engineers Ben Wiffen and Stephen Harrington, and especially to Professor David Burnand and Nick Romero.

All audio and video examples contained within this resource were recorded at the RCM studios, and the photographs were taken by Carla Rees.

N.B. the alto flute is in G and sounds a perfect fourth lower than written. The pitches referred to in this resource are written, not sounding pitches. Where appropriate, Helmholz notation is used to describe pitch.

The instrument used in the creation of this resource was a small-bore Kingma System alto flute with B footjoint, made by Eva Kingma in 2000.

Sound examples contained within this resource are protected by copyright. For access to high quality soundfiles for compositional purposes, please contact the author. All fingering diagrams included within this resource are also available from the author as graphics for insertion into scores as required.

This software and its contents are licensed for the purposes of teaching and learning only. All rights of the manufacturer and the owners of the work reserved. Unauthorised copying, lending, hiring, public performance diffusion and broadcast of this work prohibited.